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Residues of DDT in lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush) and coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) from the Great Lakes

Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada

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Abstract

Concentrations of DDT residues were higher in lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush) from southern Lake Michigan in 1966-70 (average 18.1 ppm in fish 558-684 mm long) than in lake trout of the same size-class from Lake Superior in 1968-69 (4.4 ppm), and higher in adult coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) from Lake Michigan in 1968-71 (averages for different year-classes, 9.9 to 14.0 ppm) than in those from Lake Erie in 1969 (2.2 ppm). Residues were significantly higher in lake trout from southern Lake Michigan than in those from the northern part of the lake. In lakes Michigan and Superior, the levels increased with length of fish and percentage oil. In Lake Michigan coho salmon, the residues remained nearly stable (2-4 ppm) from September of the 1st yr of lake residence through May or early June of the 2nd yr, but increased three to four times in the next 3 mo. Residues in Lake Erie coho salmon did not increase during this period, which preceded the spawning season. Although the concentrations of total residues in whole, maturing Lake Michigan coho salmon remained unchanged from August 1968 until near the end of the spawning season in January 1969, the residues were redistributed in the tissues of the spawning-run fish; concentrations in the loin and brain were markedly higher in January than in August. This relocation of DDT residues accompanied a marked decrease in the percentage of oil in the fish, from 13.2 in August to 2.8 in January. Concentrations of residues were relatively high in eggs of both lake trout (4.6 ppm) and coho salmon (7.4-10.2 ppm) from Lake Michigan. The percentage composition of the residues (p,p'DDE, o,p'DDT, p,p'DDD, and p,p'DDT) did not differ significantly with life stage, size, age, or locality, or date of collection of lake trout or coho salmon.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Residues of DDT in lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush) and coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) from the Great Lakes
Series title:
Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada
Volume
31
Issue:
2
Year Published:
1974
Language:
English
Contributing office(s):
Great Lakes Science Center
Description:
p. 191-199
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada
First page:
191
Last page:
199
Number of Pages:
8