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History and environmental setting of the Grand Calumet River

Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science

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Abstract

The Grand Calumet River lies in an area of great ecological diversity, a result of the convergence of three biomes during glaciation. Over thousands of years the region and the river have changed ecologically due to ice retreat, lake level declines, settlement and industrialization. Settlement and industrialization have greatly accelerated the rate of change, and the Grand Calumet River and its basin are now subject to the added effects of years of direct pollution. For years, industries directly discharged into the waterway; and those contaminants remain locked in the sediment a century later. In order to preserve the remaining surrounding natural areas and to improve the Grand Calumet River, buried contaminants would have to be dredged from the river. Restoration needs to be implemented as part of the clean-up process, and recontamination should be prevented.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
History and environmental setting of the Grand Calumet River
Series title:
Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science
Volume
108/109
Year Published:
2002
Language:
English
Contributing office(s):
Great Lakes Science Center
Description:
p. 3-10
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science
First page:
3
Last page:
10