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Standing over and hugging in wild wolves

Canadian Field-Naturalist

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Abstract

During six summers, I observed standing over (SO) and hugging in a pack of wild Wolves (Canis lupus) habituated to me. In SO, one Wolf positions its groin above a recumbent Wolf's nose. I observed SO among all yearling and older Wolves for 1-180 seconds (mean = 69 | 46 S.D.; N = 16). SO appeared to be primarily female-oriented and may inform each Wolf of the reproductive status of the other. I observed hugging five times and only during years when food competition was minimal.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Standing over and hugging in wild wolves
Series title:
Canadian Field-Naturalist
Volume
115
Year Published:
2001
Language:
English
Contributing office(s):
Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Description:
p. 179-181
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Canadian Field-Naturalist
First page:
179
Last page:
181