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Avian cholera exposure and carriers in greater white-fronted geese breeding in Alaska, USA

Journal of Wildlife Diseases

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Abstract

We conducted a 3-yr study (2001a??03) on greater white-fronted geese (Anser albifrons frontalis) breeding in Alaska, USA, to determine the exposure of this population to Pasteurella multocida and the potential role of these birds as disease carriers. We tested sera from nearly 600 adult geese for antibodies to P. multocida serotype 1. We found a low prevalence (<5%) of positive antibodies in adult geese, and based on the short duration of detectable antibodies, these findings indicate recent infection with P. multocida. Prevalence was similar to serologic results from both breeding and wintering lesser snow geese. We also collected oral (n=1,035), nasal (n=102), and cloacal (n=90) swab samples to determine the presence of avian cholera carriers in this population. We were unable to isolate P. multocida serotype 1 from any of the birds sampled. Based on comparison with other waterfowl species, we concluded that these geese may be exposed to avian cholera during the winter or spring migration but are unlikely to play a significant role as carriers of the bacterium causing avian cholera.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Avian cholera exposure and carriers in greater white-fronted geese breeding in Alaska, USA
Series title:
Journal of Wildlife Diseases
Volume
41
Issue:
3
Year Published:
2005
Language:
English
Contributing office(s):
National Wildlife Health Center
Description:
p. 498-502
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Journal of Wildlife Diseases
First page:
498
Last page:
502