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Diagnostic findings in 132 great horned owls

Journal of Raptor Research

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Abstract

We reviewed diagnostic findings for 132 great horned owl (Bubo virginianus) carcasses that were submitted to the National Wildlife Health Center from 1975-93. The carcasses were collected in 24 states but most came from Colorado (N = 21), Missouri (N = 12), Oregon (N = 12), Wyoming (N = 11), Illinois (N = 10), and Wisconsin (N = 9). Forty-two birds were emaciated but presumptive causes of emaciation, including old injuries, chronic lesions in various organs, and exposure to dieldrin, were found in only 16. A greater proportion of juveniles (56%) than adults (29%) were emaciated. Twelve owls were shot and 35 died from other traumatic injuries. Poisonings were diagnosed in 11 birds, including five associated with hydrogen sulfide exposure in oil fields and six cases of agricultural pesticide poisonings. Electrocution killed nine birds and infectious diseases were found in six. Miscellaneous conditions, including egg impaction, drowning, and visceral gout were diagnosed in three of the birds and the cause of death was undetermined in 14 owls. While this review identifies major diagnostic findings in great horned owls, sample bias prevents definitive conclusions regarding actual proportional causes of mortality.

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Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Diagnostic findings in 132 great horned owls
Series title:
Journal of Raptor Research
Volume
30
Issue:
1
Year Published:
1996
Language:
English
Contributing office(s):
National Wildlife Health Center
Description:
p. 1-6
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
First page:
1
Last page:
6
Number of Pages:
6
Country:
USA
Online Only (Y/N):
N
Additional Online Files(Y/N):
N