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Assessing humoral and cell-mediated immune response in Hawaiian green turtles, Chelonia mydas

Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology

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Abstract

Seven immature green turtles, Chelonia mydas, captured from Kaneohe Bay on the island of Oahu were used to evaluate methods for assessing their immune response. Two turtles each were immunized intramuscularly with egg white lysozyme (EWL) in Freunda??s complete adjuvant, Gerbu, or ISA-70; a seventh turtle was immunized with saline only and served as a control. Humoral immune response was measured with an indirect enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Cell-mediated immune response was measured using in vitro cell proliferation assays (CPA) using whole blood or peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBM) cultured with concanavalin A (ConA), phytohaemagglutinin (PHA), or soluble egg EWL antigen. All turtles, except for one immunized with Gerbu and the control, produced a detectable humoral immune response by 6 weeks which persisted for at least 14 weeks after a single immunization. All turtles produced an anamnestic humoral immune response after secondary immunization. Antigen specific cell-mediated immune response in PBM was seen in all turtles either after primary or secondary immunization, but it was not as consistent as humoral immune response; antigen specific cell-mediated immune response in whole blood was rarely seen. Mononuclear cells had significantly higher stimulation indices than whole blood regardless of adjuvant, however, results with whole blood had lower variability. Both Gerbu and ISA-70 appeared to potentiate the cell-mediated immune response when PBM or whole blood were cultured with PHA. This is the first time cell proliferation assays have been compared between whole blood and PBM for reptiles. This is also the first demonstration of antigen specific cell-mediated response in reptiles. Cell proliferation assays allowed us to evaluate the cell-mediated immune response of green turtles. However, CPA may be less reliable than ELISA for detecting antigen specific immune response. Either of the three adjuvants appears suitable to safely elicit a detectable immune response in green turtles.

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Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Assessing humoral and cell-mediated immune response in Hawaiian green turtles, Chelonia mydas
Series title:
Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
Volume
74
Issue:
3-4
Year Published:
2000
Language:
English
Contributing office(s):
National Wildlife Health Center
Description:
p. 179-194
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
First page:
179
Last page:
194
Country:
USA
State:
Hawai'i
Online Only (Y/N):
N
Additional Online Files(Y/N):
N