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West Nile Virus and wildlife

BioScience

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Abstract

West Nile virus (WNV) has spread rapidly across North America, resulting in human deaths and in the deaths of untold numbers of birds, mammals, and reptiles. The virus has reached Central America and the Caribbean and may spread to Hawaii and South America. Although tens of thousands of birds have died, and studies of some bird species show local declines, few regionwide declines can be attributed to WNV. Predicting future impacts of WNV on wildlife, and pinpointing what drives epidemics, will require substantial additional research into host susceptibility, reservoir competency, and linkages between climate, mosquitoes, and disease. Such work will entail a collaborative effort between scientists in governmental research groups, in surveillance and control programs, and in nongovernmental organizations. West Nile virus was not the first, and it will not be the last, exotic disease to be introduced to the New World. Its spread in North America highlights the need to strengthen animal monitoring programs and to integrate them with research on disease ecology.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
West Nile Virus and wildlife
Series title:
BioScience
Volume
54
Issue:
5
Year Published:
2004
Language:
English
Contributing office(s):
National Wildlife Health Center
Description:
p. 393-402
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
BioScience
First page:
393
Last page:
402
Number of Pages:
10