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A total of 18,820 adult male pintails (Anas acuta) were trapped, banded, and released on Pel and Kutawagan marshes in south-central Saskatchewan in July 1955-58. Two hundred and fortyeight of these banded birds were recaptured on the same marshes during subsequent trapping operations, and 1,440 were recovered (shot or found dead) during legal hunting seasons, 1955-70. The size of the adult drake pintail population associated with Pel and Kutawagan marshes was estimated to have been approximately 313,600 in July 1956 and 232,800 in July 1957. Estimates of annual survival varied from approximately 60 percent to 85 percent with an average of 73 percent. Between July 1956 and July 1957, approximately 71,100 birds joined the population segment associated with Pel and Kutawagan marshes and 25,400 birds left the population segment for other areas. Indices to harvest pressure were low, varying from 2.26 in 1958 to 3.54 in 1956. Estimates of harvest rates varied from 5.6 percent to 8.8 percent, and kill rates varied from approximately 7.0 to 11.0 percent. The index to harvest pressure was highest in 1956, while survival during the 1956-57 period was the lowest, suggesting the possibility of an inverse relationship between harvest rate and total survival.
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Variability of bed mobility in natural, gravel-bed channels and adjustments to sediment load at local and reach scales