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Intestinal helminths of river otters (Lutra canadensis) from the Pacific Northwest

Journal of Parasitology

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Abstract

The intestinal helminth fauna of river otters, Lutra canadensis, from the Pacific Northwest was characterized by low species richness and intensity of infection. River otters from the lower Columbia River (n = 23) were infected with 9 species of helminths (83% prevalence); those from a relatively undisturbed reference area near the headwaters of the Trask and Wilson rivers on the Oregon coast (n = 6) were infected by 5 species of helminths (100% prevalence). Single species of Eucestoda (Schistocephalus solidus), Digenea (Euparyphium inerme), Acanthocephala (Corynosoma strumosum), and 8 species of Nematoda (Strongyloides lutrae; larvae of Eustrongylides sp., Anisakis sp., and Contracaecum sp.; 3 of Cystidicolidae, and Hedruris sp.) were collected. Most species are typical of piscine definitive hosts and were present as incidental parasites of river otters. Notably, specimens of Euparyphium inerme are reported for the first time in river otters from North America; occurrence of other helminths constitutes new host or geographic records for parasites in river otters in Oregon and Washington. Parasites with marine life cycles were acquired by river otters in freshwater habitats at a great distance from the ocean. The helminth fauna of river otters in the Pacific Northwest was influenced primarily by ecological factors and was indicative of eclectic food habits and the relatively extensive home ranges occupied by these mustelids.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Intestinal helminths of river otters (Lutra canadensis) from the Pacific Northwest
Series title:
Journal of Parasitology
Volume
83
Issue:
1
Year Published:
1997
Language:
English
Contributing office(s):
Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center
Description:
p. 105-110
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
First page:
105
Last page:
110
Number of Pages:
6