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Effects of cutting time, stump height, parent tree characteristics, and harvest variables on development of bigleaf maple sprout clumps

Western Journal of Applied Forestry

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Abstract

In order to determine the effects of stump height, year of cutting, parent-tree size, logging damage, and deer browsing on bigleaf maple (Acer macrophyllum) sprout clump development, maple trees were cut to two stump heights at three different times. Stump height had the greatest impact on sprout clump size. Two years after clearcutting, the sprout clump volume for short stumps was significantly less than that for tall stumps. The sprout clump volume, area, and number of sprouts were significantly less for trees cut 1 and 2 yr before harvest than for trees cut at harvest. Sprout clump size was positively correlated with parent tree stem diameter and stump volume, and negatively correlated with the percentage of bark removed during logging. Browsing had no significant impact on average clump size. Uncut trees produced sprout clumps at their base and epicormic branches along the length of their stems; thus their crown volume averaged four to five times that of cut trees. Cutting maple in clearcuts to low stumps may reduce maple competition with Douglas-fir regeneration and still maintain maple in the next stand.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Effects of cutting time, stump height, parent tree characteristics, and harvest variables on development of bigleaf maple sprout clumps
Series title:
Western Journal of Applied Forestry
Volume
11
Issue:
4
Year Published:
1996
Language:
English
Contributing office(s):
Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center
Description:
p. 120-124
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Western Journal of Applied Forestry
First page:
120
Last page:
124
Number of Pages:
5