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Effects of the lampricide 3-trifluoromethyl-4-nitrophenol on dissolved oxygen in aquatic systems

Technical Report 57

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Abstract

The effects of the lampricide 3-trifluoromethyl-4-nitrophenol (TFM) on dissolved oxygen and other water- quality characteristics were evaluated in a series of test chambers under selected combinations of water, sediment, TFM, and exposure to sunlight. Concentrations of TFM gradually decreased over time, especially in the presence of sediment and sunlight. The lampricide did not directly cause a reduction in dissolved oxygen concentration, but appeared to inhibit photosynthetic production of oxygen during daylight. Dissolved oxygen concentrations were significantly reduced by the presence of TFM in chambers exposed to sunlight. Concentrations of total ammonia were significantly higher in chambers with sediment than in those without sediment. In chambers that contained river water and were exposed to sunlight, ammonia concentrations were low because of either oxidation by the elevated dissolved oxygen concentrations or the assimilation of nutrients by algae. The observed changes in dissolved oxygen and ammonia because of the presence of TFM were subtle, but statistically significant.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
Other Report
Title:
Effects of the lampricide 3-trifluoromethyl-4-nitrophenol on dissolved oxygen in aquatic systems
Series title:
Technical Report
Series number:
57
Year Published:
1992
Language:
English
Publisher:
Great Lakes Fishery Commission, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Contributing office(s):
Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center
Description:
pp. 21-33
First page:
21
Last page:
33