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Petroleum and individual polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

By:
Edited by:
David J. Hoffman, Barnett A. Rattner, G. Allen Burton Jr., and John= Cairns Jr.

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Abstract

Abridged summary: In general, petroleum negatively affects living organisms through physical contact, toxic action, and habitat modification, whereas individual PAHs have toxic effects. Partially metabolized PAHs can induce genetic damage and developmental abnormalities and can induce cancerous and noncancerous tumors. Evidence linking environmental concentrations of PAHs to the induction of cancer in wild animals is limited. Although concentrations of individual PAHs in aquatic environments are usually much lower than concentrations that are acutely toxic to aquatic organisms, sublethal effects can be produced. Population changes caused by petroleum spills are easier to document for macrophytes and animals with limited mobility than for mobile animals (fish, birds, mammals, reptiles). Effects of spills on populations of mobile species have been difficult to determine beyond immediate losses in local populations.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Book chapter
Publication Subtype:
Book Chapter
Title:
Petroleum and individual polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
Year Published:
1995
Language:
English
Publisher:
Lewis Publishers
Publisher location:
Boca Raton, Florida
Contributing office(s):
Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Description:
x, 755
Larger Work Type:
Book
Larger Work Subtype:
Other Government Series
Larger Work Title:
Handbook of Ecotoxicology
First page:
330
Last page:
355