Held in Qiqihar, China. Also published in Chinese in 1990 with the title 'Brailing and vane trimmings as techniques for limiting flight in captive cranes, pages 149-153 in Forestry Bureau of Heilongjiang Province, ed. Proceedings of the 1987 International Crane Workshop, Forestry Publication House of China, Beijing.
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Traditional techniques for preventing escape of captive cranes (i.e., tenotomy, tenectomy, wing clipping, confinement under nets, and amputation) are discussed briefly. Two additional techniques (i.e., brailing and vane trimming) are described in detail. The advantages and limitations of each technique are presented.