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This chapter provides a summary of the book Ecotoxicology of Amphibians and Reptiles edited by Sparling, Linder and Bishop. In addition to the comparative lack of information on effects and residue burdens of known contaminants in amphibians and reptiles, there is a plethora of new chemicals being produced and released into the environment on which no data exist at all. According to the Environmental Defense Fund, there are some 75,000 chemicals produced each year, not including pesticides. Of these, 3,000 are produced in high volumes. Of the high volume chemicals, only 29% have been examined for effects of human health and only 5% have been examined for effects on the environment and wildlife. Even of these 150 chemicals, only a small handful have been examined in amphibians or reptiles. Thus there is a tremendous lack of information on the effects of environmental contaminants on these vertebrates. This chapter outlines the major research needs in the area of ecotoxicology of amphibians and reptiles and lists several reasons why these animals would make excellent subjects for monitoring the effects of contaminants.