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Whooping cranes breeding at White Lake, Louisiana, 1939: observations by John J. Lynch, U.S. Bureau of Biological Survey

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Abstract

On 15 May 1939, John J. Lynch of the U.S. Bureau of Biological Survey located 13 whooping cranes (Grus americana), including 2 prefledged young, during an aerial survey near White Lake in southwestern Louisiana. His observation was the last historic record of whooping cranes breeding in the wild in the United States, and it confirmed the presence of a nonmigratory breeding population along the Gulf Coast. While reviewing old U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service files at the National Archives in 1999, we located Lynch's original 1939 field note, 2 letters, 5 photographs, and a draft manuscript describing the discovery; 4 other related letters also were found. Because of their biological and historical interest, we have reproduced the documents in this paper. A thorough assessment of the White Lake marshes as a potential site for returning nonmigratory whooping cranes to southwestern Louisiana should be conducted.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Book chapter
Publication Subtype:
Book Chapter
Title:
Whooping cranes breeding at White Lake, Louisiana, 1939: observations by John J. Lynch, U.S. Bureau of Biological Survey
Year Published:
2001
Language:
English
Publisher:
North American Crane Working Group
Publisher location:
Seattle, Washington
Contributing office(s):
Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Description:
226
Larger Work Type:
Book
Larger Work Subtype:
Other Government Series
Larger Work Title:
Proceedings of the eighth North American crane workshop
First page:
24
Last page:
30
Number of Pages:
226