thumbnail

Evaluation of the major histocompatibility complex (Mhc) in cranes: applications to conservation efforts

By:
, , , , and

Links

  • The Publications Warehouse does not have links to digital versions of this publication at this time
  • Download citation as: RIS

Abstract

Although there have been heated discussions concerning the relative importance of using Mhc diversity as a basis for selecting breeders in conservation projects, most parties agree that the genetic variability residual in an endangered species should be maintained through genetic management, if at all possible. Substantial evidence exists (particularly in birds) documenting the influences of specific Mhc haplotypes on disease outcome and also that those individuals which are heterozygous for Mhc alleles appear to have an advantage for survival over those that are homozygous. Thus, conservation of genetic variability of the Mhc is likely important for the preservation of fitness, especially in small breeding populations. More than half of the world's crane species are listed as endangered. Members of all 15 known species are represented among breeding animals for captive propagation at the International Crane Foundation (Wisconsin) and the USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center (Maryland). Collaborative multi-organization efforts and the availability of extensive pedigree records have allowed the study of Mhc variability in several species of cranes. We have found, for example, that Mhc diversity in the captive Florida sandhill crane (Grus canadensis pratensis) population appears high, whereas in the captive whooping crane (Grus americana), which has undergone a severe 'genetic bottleneck,? both the number of alleles and the levels of heterozygosity appear to be substantially reduced.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Book chapter
Publication Subtype:
Book Chapter
Title:
Evaluation of the major histocompatibility complex (Mhc) in cranes: applications to conservation efforts
Year Published:
2001
Language:
English
Publisher:
North American Crane Working Group
Publisher location:
Seattle, Washington
Contributing office(s):
Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Description:
226
Larger Work Type:
Book
Larger Work Subtype:
Other Government Series
Larger Work Title:
Proceedings of the eighth North American crane workshop
First page:
223 (abs)