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Attraction of Hawaiian seabirds to lights: conservation efforts and effects of moon phase

Wildlife Society Bulletin

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Abstract

Increased urban lighting on Kauai Island, Hawaii, has resulted in new problems for threatened and endangered procellariiform birds. Between 1978 and 1985,11,767 Kewell's shearwaters, 38 dark-rumped petrels, and 8 band-rumped storm petrels were attracted to bright urban lights, struck unseen objects, and fell to the ground. A salvage effort involving public cooperation and government-run 'aid stations' has returned 90% of these birds to the wild. Nightly fallout of seabirds was significantly reduced during the full moon, but fallout increased as the new moon approached. The heaviest fallout occurred in urban coastal areas, particularly at river mouths. More than 97% of the fallout involved fledgling birds apparently leaving their mountain nesting grounds for the first time. Less than 1%of these birds were recovered again on subsequent nights.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Attraction of Hawaiian seabirds to lights: conservation efforts and effects of moon phase
Series title:
Wildlife Society Bulletin
Volume
15
Issue:
3
Year Published:
1987
Language:
English
Publisher:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Contributing office(s):
Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Description:
406-413
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Wildlife Society Bulletin
First page:
406
Last page:
413