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Chronic toxicity to quail and pheasants of some chlorinated insecticides

Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry

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Abstract

Quantitative report of tests. 'Inclusion of 1 p.p.m, of aldrin, dieldrin, or endrin in diets fed growing quail resulted in high mortality rates, but the birds survived on diets containing 100 p.p.m, of DDT or 50 p.p.m. of strobane. Young pheasants survived on diets containing 50 p.p.m, of DDT or strobane, but failed to survive on diets containing 5 p.p.m, of aldrin, dieldrin, or endrin. No ill effects were noted when quail were fed winter diets containing 50 p.p.m, of strobane, or 1 p.p.m, of dieldrin or endrin, but nearly all birds died when fed diets containing 0.5 p.p.m, of aldrin. Mortality rates among pheasants fed 50 p.p.m, and of quail fed 100 p.p.m. of DDT were higher than for birds receiving normal diets, but none of the birds displayed symptoms characteristic of DDT poisoning. Egg production, fertility, and hatchability were relatively unaffected by inclusion of insecticides in diets fed breeding quail, but chicks from these matings showed high mortality rates even when reared on insecticide-free diets. Lowered viability of quail chicks was most pronounced in groups receiving DDT and strobane in the reproduction diets. Hatchability of pheasant eggs and viability of chicks were adversely affected by inclusion of aldrin, dieldrin, or endrin in the reproduction diets.'

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Chronic toxicity to quail and pheasants of some chlorinated insecticides
Series title:
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Volume
4
Issue:
10
Year Published:
1956
Language:
English
Contributing office(s):
Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Description:
863-866
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
First page:
863
Last page:
866
Number of Pages:
4