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Residues of environmental pollutants and shell thinning in merganser eggs

Wilson Bulletin

By:
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Abstract

Clutches of merganser eggs were collected in 1973 and 1975 to determine whether levels of organochlorines and mercury might be responsible for possible population declines and to compare eggshell measurements with those of early museum collections. One egg per clutch was selected randomly for chemical analysis. Overall, residues of DDE, PCB?s, and mercury were low in Hooded Merganser eggs; locality means for DDE ranged from 0.07 to 13.2 ppm, PCB means ranged from 0.44 to 4.91 ppm, and mercury means ranged from 0.16 to 1.49 ppm on a wet-weight basis. Residues of DDE and PCB?s appeared to be high in Red-breasted and Common merganser eggs. DDE averaged 15.7 ppm in Red-breasted Merganser eggs and PCB?s averaged 44.6 ppm; Common Merganser eggs contained an overall mean of 19.5 ppm DDE and 61.0 ppm PCB?s. Hooded Merganser eggs from the Midwest had thinned 8.3%, but the change was not significant. Highly significant shell thinning was detected in Red-breasted and Common merganser eggs; Red-breasted Merganser eggs were 17.7% thinner and those of Common Mergansers were 23.5% thinner than museum collections.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Residues of environmental pollutants and shell thinning in merganser eggs
Series title:
Wilson Bulletin
Volume
89
Issue:
4
Year Published:
1977
Language:
English
Contributing office(s):
Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Description:
532-542
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Wilson Bulletin
First page:
532
Last page:
542