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Experimental feeding of DDE and PCB to female big brown bats (Eptesicus fuscus)

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health

By:
,
DOI: 10.1080/15287397709529491

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Abstract

Twenty-two female big brown bats (Eptesicus fuscus) were collected in a house attic in Montgomery County, Maryland. Seventeen were fed mealworms (Tenebrio molitor larvae) that contained 166 ppm DDE; the other five were fed uncontaminated mealworms. After 54 days of feeding, six dosed bats were frozen and the remaining 16 were starved to death. In a second experiment, 21 female big brown bats were collected in a house attic in Prince Georges County, Maryland. Sixteen were fed mealworms that contained 9.4 ppm Aroclor 1254 (PCB). After 37 days, two bats had died, four dosed bats were frozen, and the remaining 15 were starved to death. Starvation caused mobilization of stored residues. After the feeding periods, average weights of all four groups (DDE-dosed, DDE control, PCB-dosed, PCB control) had increased. However, weights of DDE-dosed bats had increased significantly more than those of their contols, whereas weights of PCB-dosed bats had increased significantly less than those of their controls. During starvation, PCB-dosed bats lost weight significantly more slowly than controls. Because PCB levels in dosed bats resembled levels found in some free-living big brown bats, PCBs may be slowing metabolic rates of some free-living bats. It is not known how various common organochlorine residues may affect metabolism in hibernating bats. DDE and PCB increased in brains of starving bats as carcass fat was metabolized. Because the tremors and/or convulsions characteristic of neurotoxicity were not observed, we think even the maximum brain levels attained (132 ppm DDE, 20 ppm PCB) were sublethal. However, extrapolation of our DDE data predicted lethal brain levels when fat reserves declined sufficiently. PCB-dosed bats were probably in no danger of neurotoxic poisoning. However, PCB can kill by a nonneurotoxic mode, and this could explain the deaths of two bats on PCB dosage.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Experimental feeding of DDE and PCB to female big brown bats (Eptesicus fuscus)
Series title:
Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health
DOI:
10.1080/15287397709529491
Volume
2
Issue:
4
Year Published:
1977
Language:
English
Publisher:
Taylor and Francis
Contributing office(s):
Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Description:
917-928
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health
First page:
917
Last page:
928
Number of Pages:
12