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Number of oil-killed birds and fate of bird carcasses at crude oil pits in Texas

Southwestern Naturalist

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Abstract

A survey was taken of bird losses in crude oil pits near the central Texas Gulf Coast and in northwestern Texas. At one pit near the Texas Coast, 297 bird carcasses (largely ducks) were counted. Duck losses from oil pollution in northwestern Texas occurred largely in playa basins of the Permian Basin south of the Panhandle. To determine the fate of birds that die in oil pits, 40 carcasses of nine bird species were placed in two crude oil pits near the central Texas Coast in October (19) 1981 and December (15) 1981 and April (6) 1982 and studied for 5 months. Rate of sinking and disappearance of carcasses were positively related to carcass size. In a comparison of three seasons, the time required for a carcass to disappear was longer in winter when oil temperatures were lowest and shorter in spring and fall when oil temperatures were highest.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Number of oil-killed birds and fate of bird carcasses at crude oil pits in Texas
Series title:
Southwestern Naturalist
Volume
32
Issue:
3
Year Published:
1987
Language:
English
Contributing office(s):
Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Description:
377-381
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Southwestern Naturalist
First page:
377
Last page:
381
Number of Pages:
5