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Tolerance of adult mallards to subacute ingestion of crude petroleum oil

Toxicology Letters

By:
DOI: 10.1016/0378-4274(81)90123-5

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Abstract

Adult male mallards were fed untreated mash or mash containing 1.5% Prudhoe Bay crude oil for 7 days ad lib. During the initial 24 h of exposure to crude petroleum oil, ducks consumed less mash (P less than 0.05) and lost approx. 3.5% of their initial body weight (P less than 0.05), however, neither intake nor body weight differ between groups on days 2-7. Plasma samples collected between 09.00 and 10.00 h on days 0, 1, 3, or 7 indicated that corticosterone, glucose, thyroxine, total protein, and uric acid concentrations, and the activities of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and butyrylcholinesterase (BCHE) were not affected by treatment. These findings suggest that adult mallards may be able to tolerate large quantities of crude petroleum oil mixed in their diet (approx. 25 ml over a 7-day period) without overt or biochemical indications of distress.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Tolerance of adult mallards to subacute ingestion of crude petroleum oil
Series title:
Toxicology Letters
DOI:
10.1016/0378-4274(81)90123-5
Volume
8
Issue:
6
Year Published:
1981
Language:
English
Contributing office(s):
Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Description:
337-342
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
First page:
337
Last page:
342
Number of Pages:
6