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The influence of social and endocrine factors on urine-marking by captive wolves (Canis lupus)

Hormones and Behavior

By:
, , , and
DOI: 10.1016/0018-506X(90)90038-Y

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Abstract

Although serum hormones varied seasonally in all adult animals, only dominant male and female wolves urine-marked. Serum testosterone and urine-marking rates, which increased during the fall/winter breeding season, were positively correlated in both male and female dominant wolves. Estradiol, which increased in conjunction with proestrus and estrus, was not correlated with female urine-marking. These findings suggest that hormonal influence on urine-marking in the wolf is modulated by social factors and contrast with those for both domestic dogs and coyotes, two other members of the genus Canis.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
The influence of social and endocrine factors on urine-marking by captive wolves (Canis lupus)
Series title:
Hormones and Behavior
DOI:
10.1016/0018-506X(90)90038-Y
Volume
24
Issue:
4
Year Published:
1990
Language:
English
Contributing office(s):
Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Description:
497-509
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Hormones and Behavior
First page:
497
Last page:
509