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Wolf nipple measurements as indices of age and breeding status

American Midland Naturalist

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Abstract

We measured nipple sizes of 29 captive wolves (Canis lupus), of known breeding histories, throughout the year and tested distinctions among various known breeding statuses of 20 wild wolves examined in northeastern Minnesota from May through September. For ca. 8 mo of the year only breeders and nonbreeders can be classified. Distinctions between current and former breeders were not reliable.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Wolf nipple measurements as indices of age and breeding status
Series title:
American Midland Naturalist
Volume
129
Issue:
2
Year Published:
1993
Language:
English
Contributing office(s):
Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Description:
266-271
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
American Midland Naturalist
First page:
266
Last page:
271
Number of Pages:
6