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Mycotoxin-induced disease in captive whooping cranes (Grus americana) and sandhill cranes (Grus canadensis)

Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine

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Abstract

In 1987, an epizootic in cranes at the Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Laurel, Maryland, USA, caused illness in 80% of 300 captive whooping cranes (Grus americana) and sandhill cranes (Grus canadensis) and death of 15 of these cranes. Gross pathology findings were inconclusive and consisted of dehydration, atrophy of fat, renal insufficiency, and small spleens. Extensive testing resulted in isolation of Fusarium sp. mold from constituents of the grain-based diet. Low levels of two mycotoxins, T2 (1-2 ppm) and deoxynivalenol (0.4 ppm), were isolated from the pelleted feed.

Geospatial Extents

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Mycotoxin-induced disease in captive whooping cranes (Grus americana) and sandhill cranes (Grus canadensis)
Series title:
Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine
Volume
26
Issue:
4
Year Published:
1995
Language:
English
Contributing office(s):
Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Description:
569-576
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine
First page:
569
Last page:
576
Country:
USA
State:
Maryland
Other Geospatial:
Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Online Only (Y/N):
N
Additional Online Files(Y/N):
N