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Nonpoint sources as external threats to coastal water quality: lessons from Park Service experience

Coastal Management

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Abstract

Program design for nonpoint source control was considered through an analogous problem, external threats to national parks. Nonpoint sources are diffuse land activities that degrade water quality, and recent federal legislation seeks to limit them in coastal areas. External threats occur outside a park boundary but affect the purposes for, or resources within, a park. They have been subject to federal management for many decades. Nonpoint sources are a class of external threat. Therefore, programs to limit them should consider techniques used in part protection. These park techniques include 'hard approaches', which rely on power, usually through legal devices, and 'soft approaches', which utilize shared values and objectives. A linked approach, as exemplified at the Cape Cod National Seashore, appears most promising. In a linked approach, if a soft approach fails, the manager of the protected unit is empowered to take an alternative hard action to protect the resource.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Nonpoint sources as external threats to coastal water quality: lessons from Park Service experience
Series title:
Coastal Management
Volume
21
Issue:
2
Year Published:
1993
Language:
English
Contributing office(s):
Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Description:
131-142
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
First page:
131
Last page:
142
Number of Pages:
12