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Nesting behavior of the poo-uli

Wilson Bulletin

4950_Kepler.pdf
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Abstract

We describe two sequential nestings of a pair of Poo-uli (Melamprosops phaeosoma), a Hawaiian honeycreeper nearing extinction. Similarities to nesting of most other honeycreepers included: nest site in ohia lehua (Metrosideros polymorpha Gaud.) canopy; breeding in March through June; monogamous breeding system with the putative male helping build the nest, feeding the putative female throughout each nesting event, and feeding the chicks, but not incubating or brooding; and complete nest sanitation. Notable differences were the paucity of songs and calls by the parents and inclusion of snails in the diet of nestlings. Clutch size was probably two eggs for both nests. High winds, rain, or both influenced parental behavior: the female stayed longer on the nest and took shorter recesses in poor weather. Weather did not affect rates at which the male fed the female on the nest; however, the feeding rate increased from the egg to the chick stage probably because food was passed on to the chicks. At nest #2, parents fed young chicks (<14 days old) more often in good than in poor weather; data were insufficient for old chicks. Weather is usually poor throughout the year in the relictual range of the Poo-uli and is likely to impact nesting success. The first nest failed in poor weather. The second fledged a single young 21 days old. Diet of nestlings appeared to consist of a higher proportion of insect larvae than that of older birds, which are reported to eat mostly snails.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Nesting behavior of the poo-uli
Series title:
Wilson Bulletin
Volume
108
Issue:
4
Year Published:
1996
Language:
English
Contributing office(s):
Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Description:
620-638
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
First page:
620
Last page:
638
Number of Pages:
19