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Fifty-eighth Christmas Bird Count. 166. Ocean City, Md

Wetlands

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Abstract

Gauging the impact of manipulative activities, such as rehabilitation or management, on wetlands requires having a notion of the unmanipulated condition as a reference. An understanding of the reference condition requires knowledge of dominant factors influencing ecosystem processes and biological communities. In this paper, we focus on natural physical factors (conditions and processes) that drive coastal wetland ecosystems of the Laurentian Great Lakes. Great Lakes coastal wetlands develop under conditions of large-lake hydrology and disturbance imposed at a hierarchy of spatial and temporal scales and contain biotic communities adapted to unstable and unpredictable conditions. Coastal wetlands are configured along a continuum of hydrogeomorphic types: open coastal wetlands, drowned river mouth and flooded delta wetlands, and protected wetlands, each developing distinct ecosystem properties and biotic communities. Hydrogeomorphic factors associated with the lake and watershed operate at a hierarchy of scales: a) local and short-term (seiches and ice action), b) watershed / lakewide / annual (seasonal water- level change), and c) larger or year-to-year and longer ( regional and/or greater than one-year). Other physical factors include the unique water quality features of each lake. The aim of this paper is to provide scientists and managers with a framework for considering regional and site-specific geomorphometry and a hierarchy of physical processes in planning management and conservation projects.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Fifty-eighth Christmas Bird Count. 166. Ocean City, Md
Series title:
Wetlands
Volume
19
Issue:
4
Year Published:
1999
Language:
English
Contributing office(s):
Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Description:
821-834
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
First page:
117
Last page:
118
Number of Pages:
2