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Anacostia River fringe wetlands restoration project: final report for the five-year monitoring program (2003 through 2007)

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DOI: 10.1038/292826a0

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Abstract

The 6-hectare (ha) freshwater tidal Anacostia River Fringe Wetlands (Fringe Wetlands) were reconstructed along the mainstem of the Anacostia River in Washington, DC (Photograph 1, Figure 1) during the summer of 2003. The Fringe Wetlands consist of two separate planting cells. Fringe A, located adjacent to Lower Kingman Island, on the west bank of the Anacostia River, occupies 1.6 ha; Fringe B, located on the east bank of the Anacostia River, occupies 4.4 ha. This project is the third in a series of freshwater tidal wetland reconstructions on the Anacostia River designed and implemented by the US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) Baltimore District and District Department of the Environment (DDOE) on lands managed by the National Park Service (NPS). The first was Kenilworth Marsh, reconstructed in 1993 (Syphax and Hammerschlag 2005); the second was Kingman Marsh, reconstructed in 2000 (Hammerschlag et al. 2006). Kenilworth and Kingman were both constructed in low-energy backwaters of the Anacostia. However, the Fringe Wetlands, which were constructed on two pre-existing benches along the high-energy mainstem, required sheet piling to provide protection from erosive impacts of increased flow and volume of water associated with storm events during the establishment phase (Photograph 2). All three projects required the placement of dredged sediment materials to increase elevations enough to support emergent vegetation (Photograph 3). The purpose of all three wetland reconstruction projects was to restore pieces of the once extensive tidal freshwater marsh habitat that bordered the Anacostia River historically, prior to the dredge and fill operations and sea wall installation that took place there in the early to mid-1900's (Photograph 4).

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
Federal Government Series
Title:
Anacostia River fringe wetlands restoration project: final report for the five-year monitoring program (2003 through 2007)
DOI:
10.1038/292826a0
Year Published:
2009
Language:
English
Publisher:
District Department of the Environment
Publisher location:
Washington, D.C.
Contributing office(s):
Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Description:
vii, 22 p.; Photographs; Tables; Figures; Appendix
First page:
i
Last page:
69
Number of Pages:
76
Country:
United States
City:
Washington;D.C.