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The discovery of columnar jointing on Mars

Geology

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Abstract

We report on the discovery of columnar jointing in Marte Valles, Mars. These columnar lavas were discovered in the wall of a pristine, 16-km-diameter impact crater and exhibit the features of terrestrial columnar basalts. There are discontinuous outcrops along the entire crater wall, suggesting that the columnar rocks covered a surface area of at least 200 km2, assuming that the rocks obliterated by the impact event were similarly jointed. We also see columns in the walls of other fresh craters in the nearby volcanic plains of Elysium Planitia–Amazonis Planitia, which include Marte Vallis, and in a well-preserved crater in northeast Hellas.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
The discovery of columnar jointing on Mars
Series title:
Geology
Volume
37
Issue:
2
Year Published:
2009
Language:
English
Publisher:
Geological Society of America
Publisher location:
Boulder, CO
Contributing office(s):
Astrogeology Science Center
Description:
4 p.
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
First page:
171
Last page:
174
Other Geospatial:
Marte Valles;Mars