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Movements by juvenile and immature Steller's Sea Eagles Haliaeetus pelagicus tracked by satellite

Ibis

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By:
, , , , , , , , , and
DOI: 10.1046/j.1474-919X.2003.00153.x

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Abstract

Twenty-four juvenile Steller's Sea Eagles Haliaeetus pelagicus were tracked via satellite from natal areas in Magadan, Kabarovsk, Amur, Sakhalin and Kamchatka. Nestling dispersal occurred between 9 September and 6 December (n = 24), mostly 14 September-21 October, and did not differ among regions or years. Most eagles made stopovers of 4-28 days during migration. Migration occurred 9 September-18 January, mostly along previously described routes, taking 4-116 days to complete (n = 18). Eagles averaged 47.8 km/day excluding stopovers; 22.9 km/day including stopovers. The mean degrees of latitude spanned during migration was: Kamchatka, 2.1; Magadan, 11.6; Amur, 7.3; and Sakhalin, 1.1. Eagle winter range sizes varied. Eagles concentrated in 1-3 subareas within overall winter ranges. The mean size of the first wintering subareas was 274 km2, the second 529 km2, and the third 1181 km2. Second wintering areas were south of first wintering areas. Spring migration started between 2 February and 31 March. Two eagles from Magadan were tracked onto summering grounds, well south of their natal areas. Both had early and late summering areas. One bird was followed for 25 months. It initiated its second autumn migration in the first half of October and arrived on its wintering grounds on 26 December. The second autumn migration covered 1839 km (20.9-22.4 km/day). Unlike its first winter when it used two subareas, this bird used only one subarea in 1998-99, but this was located near wintering areas used in 1997-98. It left its wintering ground between 13 April and 13 May, and arrived on its summering grounds between 7 June and 8 July. Unlike most satellite radiotracking studies, data are presented from a relatively large number of birds from across their breeding range, including new information on eagle movements on the wintering grounds and during the second year

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Movements by juvenile and immature Steller's Sea Eagles Haliaeetus pelagicus tracked by satellite
Series title:
Ibis
DOI:
10.1046/j.1474-919X.2003.00153.x
Volume
145
Issue:
2
Year Published:
2003
Language:
English
Publisher:
Wiley
Publisher location:
Hoboken, NJ
Contributing office(s):
Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center
Description:
p. 318-328
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Ibis
First page:
318
Last page:
328