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The susceptibility of the mallard duck (Anas platyrhynchos) to Clostridium botulinum C2 toxin

Japanese Journal of Medical Science and Biology

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Abstract

Most strains of Clostridium botulinum type C, after having lost their capacity to produce their dominant toxin (C1) as a result of being "cured" of their prophages, continue to produce C2, a trypsin-activable toxin reported by other investigators. While of relatively low toxicity when administered perorally to the adult mallard duck (Anas platyrhynchos), it was highly toxic when given parenterally. By the intravenous route, for example, it was more than 1,000 times as toxic as C1 toxin by the same route, when compared on the basis of mouse intraperitoneal toxicity. The cause of death in every instance was massive pulmonary edema and hemorrhage rather than the respiratory paralysis that occurs in C1 intoxication.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
The susceptibility of the mallard duck (Anas platyrhynchos) to Clostridium botulinum C2 toxin
Series title:
Japanese Journal of Medical Science and Biology
Volume
33
Issue:
2
Year Published:
1980
Language:
English
Publisher:
National Institute of Health
Publisher location:
Tokyo, Japan
Contributing office(s):
National Wildlife Health Center
Description:
6 p.
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
First page:
81
Last page:
86
Number of Pages:
6