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Necrotizing enteritis as a cause of mortality in Laysan albatross, Diomedea immutabilis, chicks on Midway Atoll, Hawaii

Avian Diseases

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Abstract

A necropsy survey of Laysan albatross, Diomedea immutabilis, chicks on Midway Atoll in June 1993, 1994, and 1995 revealed 54% (21/39), 67% (49/71), and 93% (15/16), respectively, to have enteritis as the most severe pathologic finding. The lesion was limited to the ileum, ceca, and large intestine. We were unable to attribute a single infectious etiology to this lesion. Many birds with enteritis also exhibited renal lesions similar to those encountered in chickens experimentally deprived of water. We propose that enteritis is a significant cause of mortality in Laysan albatross chicks on Midway and that it may be a sequela to dehydration. It is likely that the pathology of dehydration in Laysan albatross differs from that in chickens largely because of diet.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Necrotizing enteritis as a cause of mortality in Laysan albatross, Diomedea immutabilis, chicks on Midway Atoll, Hawaii
Series title:
Avian Diseases
Volume
42
Issue:
1
Year Published:
1998
Language:
English
Publisher:
American Association of Avian Pathologists
Publisher location:
Lawrence, KS
Contributing office(s):
National Wildlife Health Center
Description:
5 p.
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Avian Diseases
First page:
1
Last page:
5
Time Range Start:
1993-06-01
Time Range End:
1995-06-30
Other Geospatial:
Midway Atoll