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Benzocaine as a fish anesthetic: efficacy and safety for spawning-phase salmon

Progressive Fish-Culturist

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DOI: 10.1577/1548-8640(1990)052<0189:BAAFAE>2.3.CO;2

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Abstract

The anesthetic benzocaine was tested for efficacy and safety for spawning-phase chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) and Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) at federal fish hatcheries. Tests were conducted in the existing hatchery water supplies (soft water; temperatures, 10–13 °C. Crystalline benzocaine was dissolved in ethanol (1 g/30 mL), and aliquots of that stock solution were added to the water in test tanks. Benzocaine concentrations of 25–30 mg/L anesthetized most fish in less than 3.5 min, and most fish recovered in less than 10 min after 15 min of exposure. Safety margins were narrow; both species tolerated 30 mg/L for about 20 min, but 25 min of exposure caused deaths. For 15 min exposures, concentrations of 35 mg/L for chinook salmon and 40 mg/L for Atlantic salmon were lethal.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Benzocaine as a fish anesthetic: efficacy and safety for spawning-phase salmon
Series title:
Progressive Fish-Culturist
DOI:
10.1577/1548-8640(1990)052<0189:BAAFAE>2.3.CO;2
Volume
52
Issue:
3
Year Published:
1990
Language:
English
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publisher location:
Philadelphia, PA
Contributing office(s):
Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center
Description:
3 p.
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
First page:
189
Last page:
191
Number of Pages:
3