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Zoonotic viruses associated with illegally imported wildlife products

PLoS ONE

By:
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DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0029505

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Abstract

The global trade in wildlife has historically contributed to the emergence and spread of infectious diseases. The United States is the world's largest importer of wildlife and wildlife products, yet minimal pathogen surveillance has precluded assessment of the health risks posed by this practice. This report details the findings of a pilot project to establish surveillance methodology for zoonotic agents in confiscated wildlife products. Initial findings from samples collected at several international airports identified parts originating from nonhuman primate (NHP) and rodent species, including baboon, chimpanzee, mangabey, guenon, green monkey, cane rat and rat. Pathogen screening identified retroviruses (simian foamy virus) and/or herpesviruses (cytomegalovirus and lymphocryptovirus) in the NHP samples. These results are the first demonstration that illegal bushmeat importation into the United States could act as a conduit for pathogen spread, and suggest that implementation of disease surveillance of the wildlife trade will help facilitate prevention of disease emergence.

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Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Zoonotic viruses associated with illegally imported wildlife products
Series title:
PLoS ONE
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0029505
Volume
7
Issue:
1
Year Published:
2012
Language:
English
Publisher:
Public Library of Science
Publisher location:
San Francisco, CA
Contributing office(s):
National Wildlife Health Center
Description:
9 p.
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
PLoS ONE
First page:
e29505
Country:
United States
Online Only (Y/N):
N
Additional Online Files(Y/N):
N