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Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen isotope studies of the regional metamorphic complex at Naxos, Greece

Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta

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Abstract

At Naxos, Greece, a migmatite dome is surrounded by schists and marbles of decreasing metamorphic grade. Sillimanite, kyanite, biotite, chlorite, and glaucophane zones are recognized at successively greater distances from the migmatite dome. Quartz-muscovite and quartz-biotite oxygen isotope and mineralogie temperatures range from 350 to 700??C. The metamorphic complex can be divided into multiple schist-rich (including migmatites) and marblerich zones. The ??18O values of silicate minerals in migmatite and schist units and quartz segregations in the schist-rich zones decrease with increase in metamorphic grades. The calculated ??18OH2O values of the metamorphic fluids in the schist-rich zones decrease from about 15??? in the lower grades to an average of about 8.5??? in the migmatite. The ??D values of OH-minerals (muscovite, biotite, chlorite, and glaucophane) in the schist-rich zones also decrease with increase in grade. The calculated ??DH2O values for the metamorphic fluid decrease from -5??? in the glaucophane zone to an average of about -70??? in the migmatite. The ??D values of water in fluid inclusions in quartz segregations in the higher grade rocks are consistent with this trend. The??18O values of silicate minerals and quartz segregations in marble-rich zones are usually very large and were controlled by exchange with the adjacent marbles. The ??D values of the OH minerals in some marble-rich zones may reflect the value of water contained in the rocks prior to metamorphism. Detailed data on 20 marble units show systematic variations of ??18O values which depend upon metamorphic grade. Below the 540??C isograd very steep ??18O gradients at the margins and large ??18O values in the interior of the marbles indicate that oxygen isotope exchange with the adjacent schist units was usually limited to the margins of the marbles with more exchange occurring in the stratigraphic bottom than in the top margins. Above the 540??C isograd lower ??18O values occur in the interior of the marble units reflecting a greater degree of recrystallization and the occurrence of Ca-Mg-silicates. Almost all the ??13C values of the marbles are in the range of unaltered marine limestones. Nevertheless, the ??13C values of most marble units show a general correlation with ??18O values. The CO2 H2O mole ratio of fluid inclusions in quartz segregations range from 0.01 to 2. The??13C values of the CO2 range from -8.0 to 3.6??? and indicate that at some localities CO2 in the metamorphic fluid was not in carbon isotopic equilibrium with the marbles. ?? 1976.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen isotope studies of the regional metamorphic complex at Naxos, Greece
Series title:
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Volume
40
Issue:
9
Year Published:
1976
Language:
English
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
First page:
1031
Last page:
1049