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Determination of the oxidation state of uranium in apatite and phosphorite deposits

Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta

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Abstract

Geological and mineralogical evidence indicate that the uranium present in apatite may proxy for calcium in the mineral structure as U(IV). An experimental investigation was conducted and chemical evidence was obtained that establishes the presence of U(IV) in apatite. The following analytical procedure was developed for the determination of U(IV). Carbonatefluorapatite is dissolved in 1.5 M orthophosphoric acid at a temperature of 5??C or slightly below and fluorapatite is dissolved in cold 1.2 M hydrochloric acid (approximately 5??C) containing 1.5 g of hydroxylamine hydrochloride per 100 ml. Uranium(IV) is precipitated by cupferron using titanium as a carrier. The uranium in the precipitate is separated by use of the ethyl acetate extraction procedure and determined fluorimetrically. The validity and the limitations of the method have been established by spike experiments. ?? 1958.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Determination of the oxidation state of uranium in apatite and phosphorite deposits
Series title:
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Volume
13
Issue:
2-3
Year Published:
1958
Language:
English
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
First page:
127
Last page:
142