thumbnail

Reassessment of the rates at which oil from natural sources enters the marine environment

Marine Environmental Research

By:
and
DOI: 10.1016/0141-1136(83)90003-X

Links

Abstract

Previous estimates of the world-wide input of oil to the marine environment by natural seeps ranged from 0??2 to 6??0 million (metric) tonnes per year with a 'best estimate' of 0??6 million tonnes per year. Based on considerations of the availability of oil for seepage from the world's known and assumed oil resources, we believe that the world-wide natural oil seepage over geological time should be revised to about 0??2 million tonnes per year with a range upward or downward of a factor of ten leading to estimates between 0??02 and 2 million tonnes per year. Our estimate of the amount of oil eroding from the land and being transported to the oceans is about 0??05 million tonnes per year with an order of magnitude uncertainty. Therefore, while the uncertainties are large, we estimate that the total amount of oil entering the marine environment by natural, geological processes, is about 0??25 million tonnes per year, and the estimate may range from about 0??025 to 2??5 million tonnes per year. This rate applies over geological time, but episodic fluctuations in the input of oil to the marine environment may cause the rate to exceed this range in any one year.Previous estimates of the world-wide input of oil to the marine environment by natural seeps ranged from 0. 2 to 6. 0 million (metric) tonnes per year with a 'best estimate' of 0. 6 million tons per year. Based on considerations of the availability of oil for seepage from the world's known and assumed oil resources, the world-wide natural oil seepage over geological time should be revised to about 0. 2 million tons per year with a range upward or downward of a factor of ten leading to estimates between 0. 02 and 2 million tons per year. It is estimated that the amount of oil eroding from the land and being transported to the oceans is about 0. 05 million tons per year with an order of magnitude uncertainty. Therefore, the total amount of oil entering the marine environment by natural, geological processes, is about 0. 25 million tons per year, and the estimate may range from about 0. 025 to 2. 5 million tons per year. Refs.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Reassessment of the rates at which oil from natural sources enters the marine environment
Series title:
Marine Environmental Research
DOI:
10.1016/0141-1136(83)90003-X
Volume
10
Issue:
4
Year Published:
1983
Language:
English
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Marine Environmental Research
First page:
223
Last page:
243