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The determination of the acoustic parameters of volcanic rocks from compressional velocity measurements

International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences & Geomechanics Abstracts

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DOI: 10.1016/0148-9062(69)90022-9

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Abstract

A statistical analysis was made of the relationship of various acoustic parameters of volcanic rocks to compressional wave velocities for data obtained in a volcanic region in Nevada. Some additional samples, chiefly granitic rocks, were also included in the study to extend the range of parameters and the variety of siliceous rock types sampled. Laboratory acoustic measurements obtained on 62 dry core samples were grouped with similar measurements obtained from geophysical logging devices at several depth intervals in a hole from which 15 of the core samples had been obtained. The effects of lithostatic and hydrostatic load on changing the rock acoustic parameters measured in the hole were noticeable when compared with the laboratory measurements on the same core. The results of the analyses determined by grouping all of the data, however, indicate that dynamic Young's, shear and bulk modulus, shear velocity, shear and compressional characteristic impedance, as well as amplitude and energy reflection coefficients may be reliably estimated on the basis of the compressional wave velocities of the rocks investigated. Less precise estimates can be made of density based on the rock compressional velocity. The possible extension of these relationships to include many siliceous rocks is suggested. ?? 1969.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
The determination of the acoustic parameters of volcanic rocks from compressional velocity measurements
Series title:
International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences & Geomechanics Abstracts
DOI:
10.1016/0148-9062(69)90022-9
Volume
6
Issue:
6
Year Published:
1969
Language:
English
Publisher:
Elsevier
Description:
p.557-579
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
First page:
557
Last page:
579
Number of Pages:
23