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Anomalous chemical changes in well waters and possible relation to earthquakes.

Geophysical Research Letters

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Abstract

Water level, temperature, salinity, electric conductivity, and pH have been measured periodically for several years at three water wells located along a 17km segment of the San Andreas fault between San Juan Bautista and Cienega Winery in central California. Water samples were collected at the same time for subsequent chemical analyses in the laboratory. Some sudden large changes in salinity and conductivity were recorded in early March 1980 at the two wells near San Juan Bautista. These changes coincided approximately with the beginning of an episode of increased local seismicity, including a magnitude 4.8 earthquake on April 13. Analyses of water samples revealed corresponding changes in ion concentrations, especially of Na+, Ca2+, Mg2+, 035SO42-, 046HCO3-, F-, and Cl-. The observed changes may be the result of mixing of waters from different aquifers through cracks developed in the water barriers by a possible crustal strain episode that may have occurred in the study area.-Authors

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Anomalous chemical changes in well waters and possible relation to earthquakes.
Series title:
Geophysical Research Letters
Volume
8
Issue:
5
Year Published:
1981
Language:
English
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Geophysical Research Letters
First page:
425
Last page:
428
Number of Pages:
4