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Submarine thermal springs on the Galapagos Rift

Science

By:
, , , , , , , , , , and
DOI: 10.1126/science.203.4385.1073

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Abstract

The submarine hydrothermal activity on and near the Galápagos Rift has been explored with the aid of the deep submersible Alvin. Analyses of water samples from hydrothermal vents reveal that hydrothermal activity provides significant or dominant sources and sinks for several components of seawater; studies of conductive and convective heat transfer suggest that two-thirds of the heat lost from new oceanic lithosphere at the Galápagos Rift in the first million years may be vented from thermal springs, predominantly along the axial ridge within the rift valley. The vent areas are populated by animal communities. They appear to utilize chemosynthesis by sulfur-oxidizing bacteria to derive their entire energy supply from reactions between the seawater and the rocks at high temperatures, rather than photosynthesis

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Submarine thermal springs on the Galapagos Rift
Series title:
Science
DOI:
10.1126/science.203.4385.1073
Volume
203
Issue:
4385
Year Published:
1979
Language:
English
Publisher:
AAAS
Description:
11 p.
First page:
1073
Last page:
1083
Online Only (Y/N):
N
Additional Online Files(Y/N):
N