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Gases and water isotopes in a geochemical section across the Larderello, Italy, geothermal field

Pure and Applied Geophysics PAGEOPH

By:
and
DOI: 10.1007/BF00879753

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Abstract

Steam samples from six wells (Colombaia, Pineta, Larderello 57, Larderello 155, Gabbro 6, and Gabbro 1) in a south to north section across the Larderello geothermal field have been analyzed for inorganic and hydrocarbon gases and for oxygen-18 and deuterium of steam. The wells generally decrease in depth and increase in age toward the south. The steam samples are generally characterized by (1) Total gas contents increasing south to north from 0.003 to 0.05 mole fraction; (2) Constant CO2 (95??2 percent); near constant H2S (1.6??0.8), N2 (1.2??0.8), H2 (2??1), CH4 (1.2??1), and no O2 in the dry gas; (3) Presence of numerous, straight chain and branched C2 to C6 hydrocarbons plus benzene in amounts independent of CH4 contents with highest concentrations in the deeper wells; (4) Oxygen-18 contents of steam increasing south to north from -5.0??? to -0.4??? with little change in deuterium (-42??2???). These observations are interpreted as showing: (1) Decreasing gas contents with amount of production because the proportion of steam boiled from liquid water increases with production; (2) Synthesis of CH4 from H2 and CO2 with CO2 and H2 produced by thermal metamorphism and rock-water reactions; (3) Extraction of C2 to C6 hydrocarbons from rock organic matter; (4) Either oxygen isotope exchange followed by distillation of steam from the north toward the south (2 plates at ???220??C) or mixture of deeper more-exchange waters from the north with shallow, less-exchanged recharging waters from the south. ?? 1978 Birkha??user Verlag.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Gases and water isotopes in a geochemical section across the Larderello, Italy, geothermal field
Series title:
Pure and Applied Geophysics PAGEOPH
DOI:
10.1007/BF00879753
Volume
117
Issue:
1-2
Year Published:
1978
Language:
English
Publisher location:
Birkha??user-Verlag
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Pure and Applied Geophysics PAGEOPH
First page:
276
Last page:
289
Number of Pages:
14