Water levels have been continuously recorded since March 1978 in a well in Fremont Valley, where several strands of the adjacent Garlock fault zone have exhibited both left-lateral displacement and components of normal displacement. Differences in water levels indicate that a fault segment lies between the observation well and a nearby irrigation well. During the 4-year recording period, six sharp fluctuations, or 'spikes', were noted. These fluctuations, occurring over 2- to 4-day periods, have amplitudes of 15-30 cm. They appear to be the result of creep events on a nearby fault. Two types of creep events are plausible: normal slip on an en echelon trace of the Garlock fault less than 300 m south of the well, with the north side up relative to Fremont Valley, or left-lateral slip on the same fault. Because of the nature of the fluctuations, the authors favor the latter interpretation. Dislocation models utilizing exponential, are tangent, and skewed cosine functions were used to analyze the water level fluctuations, associated pressure distribution, and fault displacements.
Additional publication details
RECENT MOVEMENT ON THE GARLOCK FAULT AS SUGGESTED BY WATER LEVEL FLUCTUATIONS IN A WELL IN FREMONT VALLEY, CALIFORNIA.