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An estimate of gas emissions and magmatic gas content from Kilauea volcano

Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta

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, , and

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Abstract

Emission rates of CO2 have been measured at Kilauea volcano, Hawaii, in the east-rift eruptive plume and CO2 and SO2 have been measured in the plume from the noneruptive fumaroles in the summit caldera. These data yield an estimate of the loading of Kilauean eruptive gases to the atmosphere and suggest that such estimates may be inferred directly from measured lava volumes. These data, combined with other chemical and geologic data, suggest that magma arrives at the shallow summit reservoir containing (wt.%) 0.32% H2O, 0.32% CO2 and 0.09% S. Magma is rapidly degassed of most of its CO2 in the shallow reservoir before transport to the eruption site. Because this summit degassing yields a magma saturated and in equilibrium with volatile species and because transport of the magma to the eruption site occurs in a zone no shallower than the summit reservoir, we suggest that eruptive gases from Kilauea characteristically should be one of two types: a 'primary' gas from fresh magma derived directly from the mantle and a carbon-depleted gas from magma stored in the summit reservoir. ?? 1995.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
An estimate of gas emissions and magmatic gas content from Kilauea volcano
Series title:
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Volume
49
Issue:
1
Year Published:
1985
Language:
English
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
First page:
125
Last page:
129
Number of Pages:
5