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Thermal modelling of stepwise anatexis in a thrust-thickened sialic crust

Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, Earth Sciences

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DOI: 10.1017/S0263593300014231

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Abstract

One-dimensional modelling of the thermal history of a sialic crust thickened by multiple overstack thrusting of upper crustal material shows that anatexis is likely. both the uplift rate and the length of the incubation period between end of tectonism and start of uplift are important controls on the amount and temperature of the melt. Heat of fusion does not significantly affect the long-term thermal structure of the crust if the melt is not extracted because only a small fraction of conductive heat is converted to latent heat, though short-term thermal effects of latent heat can be locally important. Model results show that commonly <15% of mantle heat flux is converted to latent heat; even during peak melting in the most productive models, less than half of incremental mantle flux is converted. The results have obvious implications on the acceptability of proposed heat sources for crustal anatexis. Fusion could retard crustal temperature rise by nearly 100??C, but the system would recover except for situations of very rapid uplift. Understanding of the thermal evolution of a burial-uplift system requires knowledge not only of the timing of anatexis but of the pooling and movement of the magma, as well as the duration and nature of the incubation period; we are poorly equipped to measure these events. The model predicts that the characteristic time for anatexis is a thickened sialic crust is several tens of millions of years, comparable to the time lapse between orogenies; in making geological interpretations of magmatism, this time lag must be considered. -Author

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Thermal modelling of stepwise anatexis in a thrust-thickened sialic crust
Series title:
Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, Earth Sciences
DOI:
10.1017/S0263593300014231
Volume
79
Issue:
2-3
Year Published:
1988
Language:
English
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
First page:
223
Last page:
235
Number of Pages:
13