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PROPAGATION AND LINKAGE OF OCEANIC RIDGE SEGMENTS.

Journal of Geophysical Research

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Abstract

An investigation was made of spreading ridges and the development of structures that link ridge segments using an analogy between ridges and cracks in elastic plates. The ridge-propagation force and a path factor that controls propagation direction were calculated for echelon ridge segments propagating toward each other. The ridge-propagation force increases as ridge ends approach but then declines sharply as the ends pass, so ridge segments may overlap somewhat. The sign of the path factor changes as ridge ends approach and pass, so the overlapping ridge ends may diverge and then converge following a hook-shaped path. The magnitudes of shear stresses in the plane of the plate and orientations of maximum shear planes between adjacent ridge segments were calculated to study transform faulting. For different loading conditions simulating ridge push, plate pull, and ridge suction, a zone of intense mechanical interaction between adjacent ridge ends in which stresses are concentrated was identified. The magnitudes of mean stresses in the plane of the plate and orientations of principal stress planes were also calculated.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
PROPAGATION AND LINKAGE OF OCEANIC RIDGE SEGMENTS.
Series title:
Journal of Geophysical Research
Volume
89
Issue:
B12
Year Published:
1984
Language:
English
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Journal of Geophysical Research
First page:
10017
Last page:
10028
Number of Pages:
12