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Optical (diffuse reflectance) and Mossbauer spectroscopic study of nontronite and related Fe-bearing smectites

American Mineralogist

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Abstract

Near-ultraviolet to near-infrared optical (diffuse reflectance) spectra of several nontronites and related Fe-bearing smectites [(Fe2+,Fe3+)-bearing saponite and (Fe2+,Fe3+)-bearing montmorillonite] are presented and interpreted. Mossbauer spectra at 298 K are also presented to help interpret the optical spectra. The optical spectra of nontronites are dominated by the ligand field transitions of Fe3+ in octahedral coordination sites. In addition to the ligand field transitions of single Fe3+ cations, a broad absorption band centered near 22000 cm-1 is observed that may be due to the simultaneous excitation of two Fe3+ cations to the 4T1g (4G) state. Alternatively, this band may represent excitations to the 2A2g and 2T1g ligand field states. For most samples, the amount of tetrahedrally coordinated Fe3+ was below that detectable by Mossbauer spectroscopy (1-3% of total Fe). However, the optical spectra of all of the nontronites show an absorption band near 23000 cm-1. This band is assigned to the 6A1 ??? 4E,4A1 transition of tetrahedrally coordinated Fe3+. The optical spectra of mixed-valence Fe-bearing smectites show a broad absorption band at 14000-15000 cm-1 owing to Fe2+ ??? Fe3+ charge transfer. -from Authors

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Optical (diffuse reflectance) and Mossbauer spectroscopic study of nontronite and related Fe-bearing smectites
Series title:
American Mineralogist
Volume
73
Issue:
11-12
Year Published:
1988
Language:
English
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
American Mineralogist
First page:
1346
Last page:
1354
Number of Pages:
9