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Knowledge-based geographic information systems (KBGIS): New analytic and data management tools

Mathematical Geology

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DOI: 10.1007/BF00892977

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Abstract

In its simplest form, a geographic information system (GIS) may be viewed as a data base management system in which most of the data are spatially indexed, and upon which sets of procedures operate to answer queries about spatial entities represented in the data base. Utilization of artificial intelligence (AI) techniques can enhance greatly the capabilities of a GIS, particularly in handling very large, diverse data bases involved in the earth sciences. A KBGIS has been developed by the U.S. Geological Survey which incorporates AI techniques such as learning, expert systems, new data representation, and more. The system, which will be developed further and applied, is a prototype of the next generation of GIS's, an intelligent GIS, as well as an example of a general-purpose intelligent data handling system. The paper provides a description of KBGIS and its application, as well as the AI techniques involved. ?? 1988 International Association for Mathematical Geology.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Knowledge-based geographic information systems (KBGIS): New analytic and data management tools
Series title:
Mathematical Geology
DOI:
10.1007/BF00892977
Volume
20
Issue:
8
Year Published:
1988
Language:
English
Publisher location:
Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
First page:
1021
Last page:
1035
Number of Pages:
15