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The northeastern Ohio earthquake of 31 January 1986: was it induced? ( USA).

Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America

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Abstract

On 31 January 1986, at 11:46 EST, an earthquake of mb = 5.0 occurred about 40 km E of Cleveland, Ohio, and about 17 km S of the Perry Nuclear Power Plant. The earthquake was felt over a broad area, including 11 states, the District of Columbia, and parts of Ontario, Canada, caused intensity VI-VII at distances of 15 km, and generated relatively high accelerations (0.18 g) of short duration at the Perry plant. Thirteen aftershocks were detected as of 15 April, with 6 occurring within the first 8 days. Three deep waste disposal wells are currently operating within 15 km of the epicentral region and have been responsible for the injection of nearly 1.2 billion liters of fluid at pressures reaching 112 bars above ambient at a nominal depth of 1.8 km. The relative distance to the main shock epicenter and its aftershocks (about 12 km), the lack of large numbers of small earthquakes typical of many induced sequences, the history of small to moderate earthquakes in the region prior to the initiation of injection, and the attenuation of the pressure field with distance from the injection wells, however, all argue for a 'natural' origin for the 1986 earthquakes. In contrast, the proximity to failure conditions at the bottom of the well and the probable spatial association of at least one earthquake suggest that triggering by well activities cannot be precluded.- from Authors

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
The northeastern Ohio earthquake of 31 January 1986: was it induced? ( USA).
Series title:
Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America
Volume
78
Issue:
1
Year Published:
1988
Language:
English
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America
First page:
188
Last page:
217