thumbnail

The system NaCl-H2O: relations of vapor-liquid near the critical temperature of water and of vapor-liquid-halite from 300° to 500°C

Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta

By:
, , and
DOI: 10.1016/0016-7037(86)90317-0

Links

Abstract

Vapor-liquid relations (P-T-x) for the system NaCl-H2O were determined experimentally at temperatures spanning the critical temperature of water (Tc), the lowest temperature in the system at which critical behavior occurs. In addition, vapor-liquid-halite P-T-x(vapor) relations were determined from 300° to 500°C. Results show that at 373.0°C, immediately below Tc, the vapor side of the isothermal vaporliquid P-x boundary has a shape quite different from that previously conceived. The NaCl content of the vapor increases with pressure in a smooth manner from the pressure of the three-phase assemblage (135 bars, 0.0029% NaCl), to a pressure just below that of the vapor pressure of pure water (0.012% NaCl at 184 bars). Above this pressure the boundary abruptly reverses and projects asymptotically to 0% NaCl in a beak-like shape at 218 bars, the vapor pressure of pure water. At 375.5°, slightly above Tc, the asymptote disappears, and is replaced by a rounded nose. At progressively higher temperatures, the nose disappears and by 380°C the familiar symmetrical bell-shaped curve predominates with the critical point defined by the top of the bell. The P-T curve of the three-phase assemblage determined in the present study is in agreement with previous workers. The NaCl content of the three-phase vapor, however, is much higher than some literature values at temperatures above 410°C.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
The system NaCl-H2O: relations of vapor-liquid near the critical temperature of water and of vapor-liquid-halite from 300° to 500°C
Series title:
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
DOI:
10.1016/0016-7037(86)90317-0
Volume
50
Issue:
7
Year Published:
1986
Language:
English
Publisher:
Elsevier
Description:
8 p.
First page:
1437
Last page:
1444
Online Only (Y/N):
N
Additional Online Files(Y/N):
N